For members


‘The job can come as a shock’: What it’s really like working as an English teacher in Italy

Teaching English as a foreign language can be a passport to living in Italy for native speakers. But how do you go about landing a job and what does it really entail? We spoke to people who've done it to find out the truth about TEFL.

'The job can come as a shock': What it's really like working as an English teacher in Italy
Photo: Francois Nascimbeni/AFP

Moving to Italy involves jumping through no small amount of hoops, and one of the biggest questions is how to find employment that will allow you to support yourself financially.

Despite Italy being consistently rated one of the world’s worst countries to work in by its foreign residents, the food, wine, weather and culture mean it’s still alluring to many.

And, contrary to popular belief, there are also plenty of ways to work in Italy without having yet mastered the language for those who haven’t had Italian lessons yet.

One popular choice for people moving to Italy is to teach English to foreign speakers.

Speaking English at a native level is highly valued and as Italy is often known for poor English language skills – repeatedly ranking among the worst in the EU – this lack creates opportunity for anglophones looking to live and work in the country.

‘The key’ to moving to Italy

It was just the ticket for Katrina Miller from Northern Ireland, who fell in love with Italy after a holiday to Puglia, the region that’s known as the heel of the ‘boot’ in the south.

While on a solo holiday, she found herself wandering down charming streets when she had a life-changing realisation.

“It suddenly struck me, like a voice was saying, ‘this is where you’re meant to be’,” said Katrina.

“I immediately thought, how could I move to Italy? I don’t speak the language and what job would I do? Rationale kicked in for a moment before I told myself I’d deal with it. I had no plan, no idea, but I just knew I had to move to Puglia,” she added.

READ ALSO: Job-hunting in Italy: The Italian words and phrases you need to know 

After returning from her holiday, she put her dreams into a practical plan.

She said she even googled ‘how to live in Italy’ and joined Facebook groups for people who had moved to the area.

After some research and returning to Puglia “to check it wasn’t a holiday romance”, she discovered teaching English could be a good first step.

 The sunny southern Italian region of Puglia may be charming, but how easy is it to live in? Photo: Bogdan Dada/Unsplash

As she’d been a lecturer in beauty therapy in the UK, Katrina believed she could transfer her skills to teaching English relatively smoothly.

But as she quickly realised, even though this route was “the key” to moving to Italy, the job can come as “a shock”.

She found a job in a private language school after calling around in search of employment and doing some teacher training online.

“The job itself does challenge you, as teaching can be mentally stressful. I sometimes teach 3pm to 9pm back-to-back with a quick turnaround of students,” she said.

“Italians love to focus on learning English grammar too, which you may take for granted as a native speaker, but you need to learn to teach it well to do the job effectively,” she added.

Although this is something that can be overcome in time, Katrina noted that what doesn’t ever seem to change is the Italian work culture.

READ ALSO: ‘You might not want to stay here, it’s crazy’: What to expect when you work for an Italian company

“It’s a different world. You don’t always get a contract, which isn’t very secure,” she said.

“We don’t get holiday pay or sick pay. If a student cancels the day before, you don’t get paid. So I don’t know what income I’ll get every month,” she added.

Photo: Anna Monaco/AFP

A job with ‘shades of grey’

The insecurity is a point echoed by Sarah Taylor from York in England, who has taught TEFL in Italy at various times in different locations, from Conegliano near Venice, to Sicily.

She has worked under determinato contracts, which are fixed term and form part of an overall business culture that has “loads of shades of grey,” according to Sarah.

“Fairness is non-existent. Employers can lie a lot and you have to be direct and assertive,” she added.

It’s a reality check for a country Sarah described as “a honey pot for dreamers” and a place where she loves to be.

READ ALSO: Where do all the native English-speaking residents live in Italy – and where do they avoid?

“I felt like I was living again. I was staying in a fisherman’s cottage when I was in Sicily and I could hear the waves crashing and smell the sea while I used to write under the moonlight. It was a dream,” she added.

Although this sounds idyllic, Sarah warned against getting too romantic about the idea of teaching English in Italy.

“You have to be prepared for the reality or you’ll get really hurt,” she added.

That goes beyond unstable working contracts. There’s also the matter of working hours, which may seem reasonable at first glance, as the teachers we spoke to had contracts of between 16-25 hours per week.

However, Sarah noted that you may have to be available from 8am-10pm on some days, meaning that you can spend a large portion of your day travelling between your accommodation and the school.

To that end, it’s also important to have a financial back-up, she advised.

Katrina agreed, as she had to live off her savings when an initial offer of a summer camp job fell through at the last minute, soon after moving to Italy.

Where can you find job security while teaching English?

But it’s not the same picture for all English teachers in Italy.

Scott Balaam lives near Florence and has had a vastly different experience.

He too found a position with a private language school and is so content with his role that he struggles to find many negatives.

“I’m in a lucky position. I got what I wanted and my line managers explained everything really clearly. Touch wood, I’ve had no bad surprises so far,” he said.

After an initial period of being on a fixed-term contract, Scott received an indeterminato contract after one year with the company – a permanent position with benefits.

“This is very rare in the industry. It’s refreshing to be on a contract like this and have paid holiday and security,” he added.

READ ALSO: Freelance or employee: Which is the best way to work in Italy?

As for the wage, Scott admits it’s “not fantastic”, but “it’s a liveable wage locally”.

The salary varies from school to school and region to region, but on average, teachers can expect to earn around €1,000 – €1,500 per month.

However, what the job lacks in remuneration, the quality of life overall balances it out, according to Scott.

“What I have now is nothing compared to the life I had in the UK and Ireland. Yes, I earn far, far less and it’s true that you have to be able to pay your bills, but I still have a better work-life balance,” he said.

“Now I have time to go for a walk around Florence, take in the sights or go to the Uffizi art gallery. Even our dogs have a better quality of life now. We’re there to give them more attention and time,” he added.

Despite a glowing review of his life in Italy, Scott still urged others to keep their eyes open with regards to salary and working conditions.

All the teachers we spoke to advised to do research on schools and to be prepared to negotiate, especially if you’re experienced.

It’s also worth investigating the place you could move to and work out whether it’s right for you.

“Do a reconnaissance mission if possible to see where you’re coming to and see if you like it, or you could get a surprise,” recommended Katrina.

READ ALSO: 16 of the most essential articles you’ll need when moving to Italy

Italy easily enchants holidaymakers, but you’ll need to be prepared for the reality of everyday life in the country. Photo: Brigitte HAGEMANN/AFP

The qualifications you need

Knowing which qualifications to get can be confusing, as there are many teacher training providers on the market.

It can affect the salary you can bargain for too, so choosing where to invest is a key consideration, according to Scott, who has worked in education management for around twenty years.

“It’s worth spending money and time on either the TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages) or CELTA (Certificate in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages) qualification, as these are the two main ones most recognised throughout the world,” he said.

“Some online qualifications mean you don’t get any classroom experience, which wouldn’t be accepted by some schools,” he added.

He also warned that some online training courses can be “clever”, in that they sell you a programme that won’t help you when trying to find an English teaching job.

“If in doubt, check that the course is accepted by the British Council,” he said.

In his experience, these two well-known qualifications can cost around £1,500 so “it might not be worth it if you just want to do it for a year,” according to Scott.

However, if this is potentially a longer-term career prospect, “it’s definitely worth investing in,” he added.

Sarah also did a CELTA-accredited course and following completion, put her CV online. Shortly afterwards, she was called up and offered a job in Italy.

How important is it to be able to speak Italian?

So once you’ve got the certificate to prove you can teach English, do you need to speak Italian?

“The purpose of the job is that you don’t speak Italian and you immerse your students in English,” said Scott.

He admits his level of Italian is “very poor”, but on a day-to-day basis he only needs English for his job, so his Italian skills have taken a backseat.

He does regret not having prioritised learning Italian, though, especially as he’s been working in Italy on and off for years – but he’s now making an effort to learn the language more.

The teachers we spoke to all agreed on this.

“Try to learn the language before you come to integrate into the culture here. It’s also useful for everyday life, such as opening a bank account or going to the doctor,” stated Katrina.

READ ALSO: Not just teaching: The jobs you can do in Italy without speaking Italian

For Sarah, an intermediate level is recommended for this purpose.

“It breaks down barriers and you’ll get treated like a foreigner if you don’t speak Italian. I love the language and I think it’s rude not to learn it, but it depends on your personal attitude,” she added.

Language misunderstandings can actually be a pro of the job, as Katrina said her students’ pronunciation mistakes – just like our gaffes when learning Italian – make them all laugh good-naturedly, making it a fun, interactive job.

The perks of being a TEFL teacher

Reality checks aside, teaching English in Italy comes with its advantages.

These teachers told us they were among the first to get vaccinated in Italy, as the government prioritised this group – something they felt privileged to access amid reports of many foreign residents unable to get their Covid shot.

There’s also a feeling of hope, as they believed that there may be increasing demand for their services.

They reasoned Brexit could potentially make it more difficult for the same amount of English teachers to come to Italy as before and they also pointed to Italy’s tourism sector as a source of work.

“People in Puglia will have to learn more English as it’s getting more and more touristy: real estate, cafés, bars and hotels all need to speak English. I have students who have a lot of English-speaking clients and they need to be able to speak to them,” said Katrina.

Teaching English in Italy can also be a springboard to other opportunities, as Scott noted many possible career paths come from it, such as working in schools and universities or creating educational content for publishers.

And it sometimes comes down to the bonus of simply being able to live in Italy.

“It’s not for everyone, but I love it here. I fell in love with the country and since coming on holiday, all I wanted to know was, ‘how can I make my dream come true’?” said Katrina.

“The honeymoon period is now over and I still want to stay,” she said, adding, “My heart would break and I would pine for Italy if I left. I followed my heart, it was love.”

Find out more about the residency and visa requirements you may face when moving to Italy for work here.

Read more about working in Italy here.

Member comments

  1. I work as an English language teacher in Puglia. It’s lovely to see that people are speaking about this line of work, it can be hard work but it is incredibly rewarding and like any job, if you enjoy it, then the benefits will outweigh the bad things you could encounter as well as there being potential problems with employers etc. From my experiences, it depends a lot on the school and the people you are working with and like with anything, can obviously have problems with contracts. CELTA (or other qualifications like TESOL) helps you to find good jobs and once you have the right school, it’s a great experience and gives you many skills you can take to lots of different potential jobs or great ways to progress in the field for those that want it. Absolutely great line of work and Italy is a beautiful place to go to.

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For members


What changes about life in Italy in March 2022?

From the gradual easing of Covid restrictions to the clocks jumping forward an hour, here's what to expect in Italy in March.

What changes about life in Italy in March 2022?

International travel rules change

From March 1st, Italy will allow all fully-vaccinated or recently-recovered travellers from non-EU countries to enter the country without the additional need for a negative Covid test.

Any of a vaccination certificate, certificate of recovery or a negative test result will allow extra-EU arrivals entry into Italy without any quarantine requirement – so unvaccinated travellers and those not recovered from Covid-19 will be able to enter the country with just proof of a negative test.

EXPLAINED: How Italy’s travel rules change in March

Passengers can present certificates of recovery, vaccination or testing in digital or paper format.

All arrivals will still need to complete a digital passenger locator form (dPLF) – find the instructions and download link here.

See further details of the upcoming changes to the travel restrictions here.

International Women’s Day

March 8th is International Women’s Day (la Giornata internazionale dei diritti della donna or simply la Festa della Donna in Italian) and while it’s not any kind of official holiday in Italy, it’s still widely recognised in the form of small-scale celebrations or marches and demonstrations.

You can expect to see bunches of feathery yellow mimosa flowers pop up in florists’ stalls, as it’s traditional in Italy to give these to a woman on International Women’s Day. 

According to Italian Marie Claire, the flower was chosen by early 20th century activists Rita Montagnana and Teresa Mattei both because it can readily be found flowering in the countryside in March, and because despite its delicate appearance, it’s deceptively strong and resilient.

Hospital visits for relatives and food and drink returns to cinemas

Following a unanimous vote by the Italian parliament’s Social Affairs Commission, March 10th is the date on which it will once again become possible for family members to visit their relatives in hospital.

READ ALSO: TIMELINE: When will Italy ease its coronavirus restrictions?

Those who are fully vaccinated and boosted will reportedly be able to access health facilities to visit their relatives without any further requirements, while people who haven’t received a booster shot will need a negative test to enter.

From the same date, it will also be possible to eat and drink in Italy’s cinemas, theatres, concert halls and sports stadiums, Italian news media reports.

Italy’s government had banned the consumption of food and beverages in these venues last Christmas Eve in response to the rapid spread of the Omicron variant. 

Rome marathon

On March 27th, Rome will host its annual marathon once again.

Starting and ending by the Colosseum, the 26 mile course takes runners along the Tiber and past numerous historic sites including the ancient Roman Circo Massimo chariot race track, the Spanish Steps, Castel Sant’Angelo and St. Peter’s Basilica, to name a few.

That means if you’re planning on travelling around central Rome on this date, you should prepare for most of the roads to be cordoned off and for traffic to be significantly diverted.

The race starts at 8.30am, and the maximum completion time is six and a half hours. For those who aren’t fans of running, the event also welcomes power walkers, according to its official website.

The Rome marathon starts and ends at the Colosseum. Photo by Filippo MONTEFORTE / AFP

The clocks go forward

March 27th is also the date Daylight Savings Time begins: the clocks jump forward at 2am, and everyone loses an hour of sleep.

While the EU voted in 2019 to scrap DST by 2021, a combination of Covid, Brexit, and an intra-EU stalemate (the EU Council and the EU Commission each insists the other needs to act first before anything can be done) has delayed putting a stop to the clock change, which means it will go ahead once again this March.

READ ALSO: Clocks go back in Italy despite EU deal on scrapping hour change

Italy, for one, is glad of the delays, having previously filed a formal request that the current system be kept in place.

That’s because in southern countries such as Italy or Spain daylight savings actually lengthens the days, helping people save on their energy bills – while in northern Europe the change doesn’t bring any such benefits.

Italy’s state of emergency ends

Italy’s current state of emergency or stato di emergenza, in place since January 31st, 2020, will end on March 31st, 2022, Prime Minister Mario Draghi announced at a business conference on February 23rd. 

The state of emergency is the condition which has allowed the Italian government to bring in emergency measures by decree over the past two years.

READ ALSO: Italy to end Covid state of emergency and cut ‘super green pass’, PM confirms

Bringing the state of emergency to an end doesn’t automatically mean that all current restrictions will be immediately dropped; however Draghi has already confirmed that after March 31st, some rules will be removed.

These include the abolition of Italy’s four-tiered colour coded system of Covid restrictions; the removal of outdoor mask mandates throughout Italy; and an end to the requirements for schoolchildren to wear high-grade FFP2 masks in the classroom or to quarantine if one of their classmates tests positive for the virus.